Road Fines for Cyclists in Ontario

Top 6 Road Fines for Cyclists in Ontario

When you ride your bike, you are considered to be a “vehicle” and, like all vehicles, you are governed by the Highway Traffic Act (“HTA”). However, you may not know that there are a few laws in the HTA that only apply to cyclists. Some of these laws carry significant fines for cyclists. Below is a quick breakdown of the laws and the fines they carry.

  1. Lights and Reflective material (Section 62)
  • Required to have lights on when it is dark or where there is poor visibility.
  • The front-facing light must be white, and the rear-facing light must be red.
  • Also required to have white reflective material on the front and red reflective material on the back (i.e. on your person).
  • Failure to have working lights carries an $85.00


  1. Working breaks (Section 64)
    • Brakes must be in good working order.
    • If your brakes don’t work, you could be facing an $85.00


  1. Horn/Alarm (Section 75)
    • Every bike must be equipped with an “alarm bell, gong or horn” that is in good working order.
    • The horn must be sounded to notify pedestrians of your approach.
    • If your bike does not have a horn, you could be hit with an $85.00


  1. Pedestrian crossovers (overhead signs and pavement markings) (Section 140)
    • When a pedestrian is crossing the road in a crossover, cyclists must stop and allow pedestrians to completely cross the road before proceeding.
    • Failure to do so can lead to a $300.00 fine, which increases to $600.00 if the crossover is in a community safety zone.
    • Cyclists are not permitted to ride their bikes across the road within the crossover, which can lead to an $85.00


  1. Turn Signals (Section 142)
    • Cyclists must signal their turns. Cyclists are permitted to signal a right turn by extending their left arm up or by extending their right arm out horizontally.
    • If you don’t signal, you could be looking at an $85.00


  1. Walking your bike along a road (Section 179)
    • Cyclists must walk on the left side of the road facing oncoming traffic (unless it would be unsafe to cross the road).
    • Walking on the wrong side could cost you $35.00.


There are lots of other provisions of the HTA that apply to cyclists, and these rules can often be confusing. If you are a cyclist who was injured in a collision, but was charged with one of these offences, you might be wondering if you still have a case. Consider speaking with a cyclist lawyer to see what your options are.


My next blog will focus on the rules of law when it comes to helmet wearing in Ontario

View all posts by
Copyright © Lerners Personal Injury Group. All rights reserved.